### Collider Constraints on $Z^\prime$ Models for Neutral Current $B-$Anomalies

arXiv:1904.10954

MCnet-19-08

by: Allanach, B.C.

We examine current collider constraints on some simple $Z^\prime$ models that fit neutral current $B-$anomalies, including constraints coming from measurements of Standard Model (SM) signatures at the LHC. The `MDM' simplified model is not constrained by the SM measurements but is strongly constrained by a 139 fb$^{-1}$ 13 TeV ATLAS di-muon search. Constraints upon the `MUM' simplified model are much weaker. A combination of the current $B_s$ mixing constraint and ATLAS' $Z^\prime$ search implies $M_{Z^\prime}>1.9$ TeV in the Third Family Hypercharge Model example case. LHC SM measurements rule out a portion of the parameter space of the model at $M_{Z^\prime}<1.5$ TeV.

MCnet-19-08

by: Allanach, B.C.

**Abstract:**We examine current collider constraints on some simple $Z^\prime$ models that fit neutral current $B-$anomalies, including constraints coming from measurements of Standard Model (SM) signatures at the LHC. The `MDM' simplified model is not constrained by the SM measurements but is strongly constrained by a 139 fb$^{-1}$ 13 TeV ATLAS di-muon search. Constraints upon the `MUM' simplified model are much weaker. A combination of the current $B_s$ mixing constraint and ATLAS' $Z^\prime$ search implies $M_{Z^\prime}>1.9$ TeV in the Third Family Hypercharge Model example case. LHC SM measurements rule out a portion of the parameter space of the model at $M_{Z^\prime}<1.5$ TeV.

### Multi-jet merging in a variable flavor number scheme

arXiv:1904.09382

FERMILAB-PUB-19-148-T

MCNET-19-07

by: HÃ¶che, Stefan

We propose a novel technique for the combination of multi-jet merged simulations in the five-flavor scheme with calculations for the production of b-quark associated final states in the four-flavor scheme. We show the equivalence of our algorithm to the FONLL method at the fixed-order and logarithmic accuracy inherent to the matrix-element and parton-shower simulation employed in the multi-jet merging. As a first application we discuss Zbb production at the Large Hadron Collider.

FERMILAB-PUB-19-148-T

MCNET-19-07

by: HÃ¶che, Stefan

**Abstract:**We propose a novel technique for the combination of multi-jet merged simulations in the five-flavor scheme with calculations for the production of b-quark associated final states in the four-flavor scheme. We show the equivalence of our algorithm to the FONLL method at the fixed-order and logarithmic accuracy inherent to the matrix-element and parton-shower simulation employed in the multi-jet merging. As a first application we discuss Zbb production at the Large Hadron Collider.

### Jet cross sections at the LHC and the quest for higher precision

arXiv:1903.12563

FERMILAB-PUB-19-100-T

CERN-TH-2019-038

SLAC-PUB-17411, UWTHPH-2019-9

LAPTH-019/19

CFTP/19-006

ZU-TH 16/19

LU-TP-19-10, MCnet-19-06

IPPP/19/22

by: Bellm, Johannes

We perform a phenomenological study of $Z$ plus jet, Higgs plus jet and di-jet production at the Large Hadron Collider. We investigate in particular the dependence of the leading jet cross section on the jet radius as a function of the jet transverse momentum. Theoretical predictions are obtained using perturbative QCD calculations at the next-to and next-to-next-to-leading order, using a range of renormalization and factorization scales. The fixed order predictions are compared to results obtained from matching next-to-leading order calculations to parton showers. A study of the scale dependence as a function of the jet radius is used to provide a better estimate of the scale uncertainty for small jet sizes. The non-perturbative corrections as a function of jet radius are estimated from different generators.

FERMILAB-PUB-19-100-T

CERN-TH-2019-038

SLAC-PUB-17411, UWTHPH-2019-9

LAPTH-019/19

CFTP/19-006

ZU-TH 16/19

LU-TP-19-10, MCnet-19-06

IPPP/19/22

by: Bellm, Johannes

**Abstract:**We perform a phenomenological study of $Z$ plus jet, Higgs plus jet and di-jet production at the Large Hadron Collider. We investigate in particular the dependence of the leading jet cross section on the jet radius as a function of the jet transverse momentum. Theoretical predictions are obtained using perturbative QCD calculations at the next-to and next-to-next-to-leading order, using a range of renormalization and factorization scales. The fixed order predictions are compared to results obtained from matching next-to-leading order calculations to parton showers. A study of the scale dependence as a function of the jet radius is used to provide a better estimate of the scale uncertainty for small jet sizes. The non-perturbative corrections as a function of jet radius are estimated from different generators.

### HEJ 2: High Energy Resummation for Hadron Colliders

DESY 19-028

IPPP/19/13

MCnet-19-05

arXiv:1902.08430

by: Andersen, Jeppe R.

We present HEJ 2, a new implementation of the High Energy Jets formalism for high-energy resummation in hadron-collider processes as a flexible Monte Carlo event generator. In combination with a conventional fixed-order event generator, HEJ 2 can be used to obtain greatly improved predictions for a number of phenomenologically important processes by adding all-order logarithmic corrections in $\hat{s}/p_\perp^2$. A prime example for such a process is the gluon-fusion production of a Higgs boson in association with widely separated jets, which constitutes the dominant background to Higgs boson production in weak-boson fusion.

IPPP/19/13

MCnet-19-05

arXiv:1902.08430

by: Andersen, Jeppe R.

**Abstract:**We present HEJ 2, a new implementation of the High Energy Jets formalism for high-energy resummation in hadron-collider processes as a flexible Monte Carlo event generator. In combination with a conventional fixed-order event generator, HEJ 2 can be used to obtain greatly improved predictions for a number of phenomenologically important processes by adding all-order logarithmic corrections in $\hat{s}/p_\perp^2$. A prime example for such a process is the gluon-fusion production of a Higgs boson in association with widely separated jets, which constitutes the dominant background to Higgs boson production in weak-boson fusion.

### BSM constraints from model-independent measurements: A Contur Update

MCNET-19-04

arXiv:1902.03067

by: Butterworth, J.M.

Particle-level measurements, especially of differential cross-sections, made in fiducial regions of phase-space have a high degree of model-independence and can therefore be used to give information about a wide variety of Beyond the Standard Model (BSM) physics implemented in Monte Carlo generators, using a broad range of final states. The Contur package is used to make such comparisons. We summarise a snapshot of current results for a number of BSM scenarios; a UV complete model in which the global Baryon-number minus Lepton-number symmetry is gauged; several Dark Matter simplified models, and two generic light scalar models.

arXiv:1902.03067

by: Butterworth, J.M.

**Abstract:**Particle-level measurements, especially of differential cross-sections, made in fiducial regions of phase-space have a high degree of model-independence and can therefore be used to give information about a wide variety of Beyond the Standard Model (BSM) physics implemented in Monte Carlo generators, using a broad range of final states. The Contur package is used to make such comparisons. We summarise a snapshot of current results for a number of BSM scenarios; a UV complete model in which the global Baryon-number minus Lepton-number symmetry is gauged; several Dark Matter simplified models, and two generic light scalar models.

### Monte Carlo event generators for high energy particle physics event simulation

MCnet-19-02

arXiv:1902.01674

by: Buckley, Andy

Monte Carlo event generators (MCEGs) are the indispensable workhorses of particle physics, bridging the gap between theoretical ideas and first-principles calculations on the one hand, and the complex detector signatures and data of the experimental community on the other hand. All collider physics experiments are dependent on simulated events by MCEG codes such as Herwig, Pythia, Sherpa, POWHEG, and MG5_aMC@NLO to design and tune their detectors and analysis strategies. The development of MCEGs is overwhelmingly driven by a vibrant community of academics at European Universities, who also train the next generations of particle phenomenologists. The new challenges posed by possible future collider-based experiments and the fact that the first analyses at Run II of the LHC are now frequently limited by theory uncertainties urge the community to invest into further theoretical and technical improvements of these essential tools. In this short contribution to the European Strategy Update, we briefly review the state of the art, and the further developments that will be needed to meet the challenges of the next generation.

arXiv:1902.01674

by: Buckley, Andy

**Abstract:**Monte Carlo event generators (MCEGs) are the indispensable workhorses of particle physics, bridging the gap between theoretical ideas and first-principles calculations on the one hand, and the complex detector signatures and data of the experimental community on the other hand. All collider physics experiments are dependent on simulated events by MCEG codes such as Herwig, Pythia, Sherpa, POWHEG, and MG5_aMC@NLO to design and tune their detectors and analysis strategies. The development of MCEGs is overwhelmingly driven by a vibrant community of academics at European Universities, who also train the next generations of particle phenomenologists. The new challenges posed by possible future collider-based experiments and the fact that the first analyses at Run II of the LHC are now frequently limited by theory uncertainties urge the community to invest into further theoretical and technical improvements of these essential tools. In this short contribution to the European Strategy Update, we briefly review the state of the art, and the further developments that will be needed to meet the challenges of the next generation.

### Full NLO corrections to 3-jet production and R32 at the LHC

arXiv:1902.01763

FR-PHENO-2018-016

CERN-TH-2018-275

IPPP/19/9

MCNET-19-03

by: Reyer, Max

We present the evaluation of the complete set of NLO corrections to three-jet production at the LHC. To this end we consider all contributions of $\mathcal{O}(\alpha_s^n\alpha^m)$ with $n+m=3$ and $n+m=4$. This includes in particular also subleading Born contributions of electroweak origin, as well as electroweak virtual and QED real-radiative corrections. As an application we present results for the three- over two-jet ratio $R_{32}$. While the impact of non-QCD corrections on the total cross section is rather small, they can exceed $-10\%$ for high jet transverse momenta. The $R_{32}$ observable turns out to be very stable against electroweak corrections, receiving absolute corrections below $5\%$ even in the high-$p_T$ region.

FR-PHENO-2018-016

CERN-TH-2018-275

IPPP/19/9

MCNET-19-03

by: Reyer, Max

**Abstract:**We present the evaluation of the complete set of NLO corrections to three-jet production at the LHC. To this end we consider all contributions of $\mathcal{O}(\alpha_s^n\alpha^m)$ with $n+m=3$ and $n+m=4$. This includes in particular also subleading Born contributions of electroweak origin, as well as electroweak virtual and QED real-radiative corrections. As an application we present results for the three- over two-jet ratio $R_{32}$. While the impact of non-QCD corrections on the total cross section is rather small, they can exceed $-10\%$ for high jet transverse momenta. The $R_{32}$ observable turns out to be very stable against electroweak corrections, receiving absolute corrections below $5\%$ even in the high-$p_T$ region.

### Soft modifications to jet fragmentation in high energy proton-proton collisions

arXiv:1901.07447

LU-TP 19-05

MCnet-19-01

by: Bierlich, Christian

The discovery of collectivity in proton-proton collisions, is one of the most puzzling outcomes from the two first runs at LHC, as it points to the possibility of creation of a Quark-Gluon Plasma, earlier believed to only be created in heavy ion collisions. One key observation from heavy ion collisions is still not observed in proton-proton, namely jet-quenching. In this letter it is shown how a model capable of describing soft collective features of proton-proton collisions, also predicts modifications to jet fragmentation properties. With this starting point, several new observables suited for the present and future hunt for jet quenching in small collision systems are proposed.

LU-TP 19-05

MCnet-19-01

by: Bierlich, Christian

**Abstract:**The discovery of collectivity in proton-proton collisions, is one of the most puzzling outcomes from the two first runs at LHC, as it points to the possibility of creation of a Quark-Gluon Plasma, earlier believed to only be created in heavy ion collisions. One key observation from heavy ion collisions is still not observed in proton-proton, namely jet-quenching. In this letter it is shown how a model capable of describing soft collective features of proton-proton collisions, also predicts modifications to jet fragmentation properties. With this starting point, several new observables suited for the present and future hunt for jet quenching in small collision systems are proposed.

### Hard diffraction in photoproduction

arXiv:1901.05261

LU TP 19-06

MCNET-19-01

by: Helenius, Ilkka

We present a new framework for modeling hard diffractive events in photoproduction, implemented in Pythia 8. The model is an extension of the model for hard diffraction with dynamical gap survival in $pp$ and $p\bar{p}$ collisions proposed in 2015, now also allowing for other beam types. It thus relies on several existing ideas: the Ingelman-Schlein approach, the framework for multiparton interactions and the recently developed framework for photoproduction in $\gamma p$, $\gamma\gamma$, $ep$ and $e^+e^-$ collisions. The model proposes an explanation for the observed factorization breaking in photoproduced diffractive dijet events at HERA, showing an overall good agreement with data. The model is also applicable to ultraperipheral collisions with $pp$ and $pPb$ beams, and predictions are made for such events at the LHC.

LU TP 19-06

MCNET-19-01

by: Helenius, Ilkka

**Abstract:**We present a new framework for modeling hard diffractive events in photoproduction, implemented in Pythia 8. The model is an extension of the model for hard diffraction with dynamical gap survival in $pp$ and $p\bar{p}$ collisions proposed in 2015, now also allowing for other beam types. It thus relies on several existing ideas: the Ingelman-Schlein approach, the framework for multiparton interactions and the recently developed framework for photoproduction in $\gamma p$, $\gamma\gamma$, $ep$ and $e^+e^-$ collisions. The model proposes an explanation for the observed factorization breaking in photoproduced diffractive dijet events at HERA, showing an overall good agreement with data. The model is also applicable to ultraperipheral collisions with $pp$ and $pPb$ beams, and predictions are made for such events at the LHC.